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March 25, 2013

Hokkaido Milk Bread Recipe - Hokkaido Milk Bread using Tangzhong

I had read about the Hokkaido Milk Bread before and even bookmarked a recipe to try it. True to many bookmarked recipes, I duly forgot about it. The Hokkaido Bread has a gorgeous soft and pillowy texture and was developed by a Chinese lady called Yvonne Chen who wrote about it in her book "the 65 degree bread doctor". She uses a special ingredient tangzhong which is a creamy cooked form of flour + milk. This is cooled and added to the bread dough while kneading which gives it a lovely texture and flavour.

Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)
Plain Hokkaido Loaf, sliced

The dough made using the tangzhong method is very versatile and you can make pretty much anything you want with it. I made some mini chocolate rolls, a medium-sized loaf with 4 rolls, and one large loaf with chocolate filling over 2 days. One portion of tangzhong was used for these and they turned out wonderful, my oven quirks aside.

Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)
Plain Hokkaido Loaf, pulled apart

The Hokkaido Bread dough also makes the most fabulous Indian-style Pav and I am looking forward to trying an entire batch of pav the next time I make pav bhaji. The plain rolls above were longer than regular pav but would have worked just as well. I sliced them up into small pieces and we had them with jam for tea (first picture).

Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)
Chocolate Bread Rolls

The chocolate rolls I baked in ramekins turned out lovely too. I baked them in a hurry for before going to meet Jey and Raks so they are slightly under-baked but still tasted great with no smell of yeast, according to them.

Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)

Lesson from above picture, do not cut chocolate swirl rolls when the bread is still warm. The melted chocolate makes a mess. Taste? Not compromised at all!

HOKKAIDO MILK BREAD RECIPE (USING TANGZHONG)

Preparation time: 4 hours
Cooking time: 30 minutes
Makes 1 large loaf or 1 small loaf + 6 mini rolls
Original recipe from 65 Degrees Tangzhong “65C Bread Doctor” by Yvonne Chen

Ingredients:
For Tangzhong
(You only need half the amount of tangzhong for making a large loaf so halve quantities below if you only plan to bake one loaf starting with 2.5 cups flour)
1/3 cup of all-purpose flour (maida)
1/2 cup of milk
1/2 cup of water
For Dough
2.5 cups of all-purpose flour (maida)
3 tbsp of sugar (see notes)
1 tsp of salt
2 tsp of instant or active-dry yeast (I use and recommend Fleischmann's)
2 tbsp of milk powder
1/2 cup of milk
1/8 cup of cream (or milk)
1/3 cup of tangzhong (half of above cooked quantity)
25 gm of unsalted butter, at room temperature
1 cup of chocolate chips (if making chocolate rolls)

How to Make Hokkaido Milk Bread:

1. First we need to make the tangzhong. For that, whisk the flour, water and milk in a saucepan until smooth and lump-free. Place the stove, and over low heat, let the tangzhong cook till it starts thickening. Keep stirring/ whisking constantly so no lumps form and the roux is smooth.

If you have a thermometer, cook this mixture until it reaches 65 degrees. Otherwise, a good indication is to stop when your whisk leaves concentric lines on the tangzhong like in the picture below.
Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)

Let the tangzhong cool completely and set aside for at least 2-3 hours before proceeding with making the bread dough.

The dough for Hokkaido Bread is very sticky when you start to work on it. Adding more flour to balance this will ruin the bread so resist that temptation. If you have a stand mixer or food processor to make the bread dough, use that. Or, be patient and gentle while mixing by hand.

2. First, mix the tangzhong with the milk and cream (if using) until smooth and lump free, I combined gently with my fingertips because the whisk just wasn't cutting it.

Next, combine the flour, yeast, salt, sugar, and milk powder. Add the tangzhong to this and start kneading slowly (on lowest speed if using a Kitchenaid which is what I did).

When the dough begins to form, add the softened butter. Continue to knead on slow speed for about 10-15 mins. The stickiness of the dough will gradually give way to a very soft and pillowy texture.
Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)

3. When the dough is ready, it will be super soft to touch and also break into a circle when stretched.
Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)

4. Form the dough into a ball and place in a well-oiled bowl. Cover and let it rise for about 45 mins until doubled.
Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)

5. After it's risen, gently knead the dough again and decide which direction you want to go with it. I made one medium-sized plain loaf and 4 chocolate bread rolls.

There's no need to use flour when working with this dough. The texture was delightful and non-sticky. It's hard to resist playing with it!

For that, divide the dough into half. Divide one half further into 3 or 4 balls. Gently roll each into an oval. Fold over twice from each end. Turn 90 degrees and roll into a rectangle. Roll and with the free end at the bottom, place into a well-oiled (this is important!) loaf pan. Repeat with the other pieces of dough.

For the chocolate rolls, I merely put some chocolate chips after rolling out the rectangles and before rolling. I baked these in ramekins (again, well-oiled!).
Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)
Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)

6. Cover and let them rise for another 45 minutes. They will become chubby and double in size. Gently brush with some milk or cream and bake in a pre-heated oven at 170C for about 30 mins.
Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)

My oven has terrible hot spots and whatever I bake in it gets cooked too soon on top and leaves the bottom uncooked. The loaf looks too dark on top but was perfect overall and cut beautifully into slices. We finished the loaf over two days and it stayed soft and tasty.

Notes:
- This milk bread has some sweetness when you eat the bread as is. If you want to use spicy or savory filling, you can reduce the amount of sugar to 2 tbsp
- Some people experimented with making the entire loaf out of just water and not milk. Of course, then we can't call it milk bread but still, the bread turns out soft and nice. That would be a good way to veganize this Hokkaido Bread
- If making chocolate rolls, slice only after the rolls have completely cooled
- Hokkaido Milk Bread is bread #3 baked by the We Knead to Bake group. Thank you for a lovely and soft bread recipe, Aparna!

Hokkaido Milk Bread - Soft Bread Recipe (Tangzhong Method)