September 6, 2012

Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Step by Step Diwali Snacks Recipes

Ah. Kai Murukku or Sakkiram, as we Kerala Reddiars call it, is one of those things that holds so many memories for me. This is one of those foods I associate with my maternal grand mom. Back when I was a kid, making Sakkiram was always an event. The rice would be carefully selected (my dad was a rice dealer after all), the process of soaking and drying and powdering carefully handled, the oil bought, the single-burner gas stove brought out and set on the kitchen floor, the largest steel plates brought out, washed, dried and oiled to be used as the base for the murukku, and the kitchen cleared out one day early afternoon for the murukku making to commence.

Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes

As I type this, I can visualise those humid Kerala evenings when the house would fill with the aroma of coconut oil and the sizzle of the sakkirams will reach us kids where we are playing or whiling away time doing pretty much nothing useful.

Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes
Everything my grandmom used to do, especially cooking, was a labour of love. She never took shortcuts, never skimped on effort, was patient and painstakingly meticulous in everything she did (although patience was not a virtue of hers in general) and kai murukku / sakkiran was no exception.

Since we always made them in bulk, there would atleast be 4 people involved in the preparation process, one person exclusively doing the deep frying - usually the maid. My mom, her elder sister, and their mother would sit on the kitchen floor, saris hoisted to a comfortable height, pallus tucked in and start on one batch of the murukku dough. Each of them gave a unique twist, quite literally, to the murukku and the kids would attempt to guess who made which ones once everything was fried.

Sometimes I try not to think that those summer days are long gone never to return. We are supposed to move ahead, after all.

Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Sakkiram Recipe

Preparation time: 1 hour
Cooking time: 45 minutes
Makes ~20 pieces
Recipe source: Amma and Aatha

1 cup of raw rice, soaked in water for 1 hour
1/3 cup of split urad dal / ulutham paruppu
1 tbsp of black sesame seeds
1 tbsp of white sesame seeds (see notes)
1 tsp of crushed jeera / cumin seeds (optional)
2 tsp of softened butter
Salt of to taste
Oil of to deep fry (we use coconut oil)

How to Make Kai Murukku

1. Lay the soaked raw rice on a white cheesecloth or muslin until the water has completely drained. You can also use a colander, just make sure to spread it in a thin layer so that maximum water can drain out. Powder this fine and set aside. If you feel it's moist after powdering, lay it on the cloth (or even a large plate) again so that it gets drier.

2. Dry roast the urad dal until it turns aromatic and a light golden brown. Powder this finely.

3. Sieve both the rice powder and the urad dal (separately) into a large bowl. The coarse rice bits that you get can be ground again and passed through the sieve to minimise wastage.

4. Mix both the powders with the sesame seeds, jeera (if using), butter and salt.
Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes

5. Once the ingredients are thoroughly combined, add water very little at a time and knead into a soft dough. The consistency is important and it only gets perfect with practise but there are some tips to make it work even if you are a novice (see notes).
Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes

6. Here's the part that needs a bit of practise to get perfect. Take a lemon-sized dough in hand and gently pinch with three fingers into a long-ish shape. Twist gently and form a circular pattern of about 4-5 turns. This video, although in tamil, demos this process very well. My mom and her sister are experts and get the shape beautifully because they've been doing this for years so don't be put off if yours doesn't come out well the first time. Keep your fingers moist and lightly greased to make the process easier.

We use the greased, upturned steel plate for this. A plastic sheet works well too.
Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes

Repeat process until you have about 8-10 murukku ready to be fried..
Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes

7. Heat oil until almost-smoking point and slide a thin spatula under each murukku swiftly to transfer it to the spatula without losing its shape. Gently slide into the hot oil and fry until brown. It helps greatly if the spatula is lightly greased with oil too.The rule of thumb is, stop and drain the murukku when the oil no longer sizzles around it.
Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes

Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes

We prefer ours not too red but you can judge by the colour how much you want to fry. Store in an airtight container for up to 3 weeks. I keep it in the refrigerator for longer.
Kai Murukku | Raw Rice Murukku | Snacks Recipes


- you can use just one kind of sesame seeds if you don't have both varieties. The black ones have a better flavour when fried so go for that if you only want to use one.

- butter makes the murukku softer but adding too much will make the dough too soft and the murukku will drink too much oil. Err on the lower side than adding a higher quantity of butter than needed

- if the dough is too wet and sticky, wrap in a clean kitchen towel/cheesecloth/muslin and let it sit for 10 mins. The cloth will absorb the extra moisture and you can proceed with the rest of the murukku recipe. If it's too dry, wet hands and pinch off a bit of dough to work with. Having a drier dough is a better problem to have because it's easier to fix

- using readymade raw rice powder won't work well for kai murukku because what we get to buy is roasted raw rice (done to improve shelf life) which would've lost much of its starchiness required to make kai murukku. If you can get your hands on unroasted raw rice powder somehow, then that's worth a shot.

- If you are working alone, it's better to knead a little dough at a time, otherwise it will start to ferment, turn sour, and make the murukku too red in colour when frying. It also compromises the taste

- you can use the same dough and make achu murukku - with the murukku press - which is much quicker and easier

- admittedly, I haven't tried making kai murukku myself. All pics are sent to me by amma and mama (her brother). If you have questions, leave it in the comments section and I will get back. Let's learn together :)

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